Rev. Rul. 57-144: Disqualified spin-off; control not met

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Citations: Rev. Rul. 57-144; 1957-1 C.B. 123

Rev. Rul. 57-144

A parent corporation qualifying as a personal holding company owned 82 percent and 83 percent of the capital stock of two operating subsidiaries, corporations A and B , respectively. In order to simplify the corporate structure and to eliminate the existence of the parent corporation as a personal holding company, the management of the parent corporation distributed pro rata the stock of corporation A to its (the parent's) stockholders. After the distribution of such stock, corporation B was merged with the parent corporation. The parent corporation obtained control (80 percent of the stock) of corporation B during the five-year period preceeding the date of distribution as the result of the latter's redeeming a portion of the minority interest, which at that time exceeded 20 percent. Held , the distribution of corporation A's stock does not qualify as a tax-free `spin-off' transaction under section 355(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, since after the distribution the parent corporation owned only the stock of corporation B , control of which was acquired in a taxable transaction less than five years prior to the date of the distribution. See section 355(b)(2)(D)(i) of such Code. The result would be the same whether the stock of corporation A was distributed before or after the merger of corporation B into the parent corporation. Therefore, such distribution should be treated as a dividend, to the extent of the parent corporation's earning and profits available under sections 301 and 316 of the Code.

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